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Military Moves in the Middle East: Explaining the Military’s Role During the Arab Spring

Rula Jabbour, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


This dissertation uses inductive reasoning through historical comparative case studies to explain the different actions of the Tunisian, Egyptian, and Syrian militaries during the 2011 Arab Spring. This paper uses an institutionalist argument to explain the behavior of the military. Thus, it argues that specific aspects of a military’s structure, in combination with relevant social factors, will encourage military leaders to either side with the authoritarian regime or to defect from it during civil unrest. This research contributes to the existing literature on civil-military relations and to the argument that militaries are, indeed, important political actors. This research provides insight into the military’s behavior in the Middle East and the military as an institution in authoritarian regimes.

Subject Area

Political science|Military studies

Recommended Citation

Jabbour, Rula, "Military Moves in the Middle East: Explaining the Military’s Role During the Arab Spring" (2022). ETD collection for University of Nebraska-Lincoln. AAI29998230.