Date of this Version
Published in Drought Assessment, Management, and Planning: Theory and Case Studies, edited by Donald A. Wilhite, chap. 6, pp. 87–108 (Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993).
Developing a national or provincial drought policy and plan is a complicated but essential first step toward a reduction of societal vulnerability. Until recently, nations had devoted little effort toward drought planning, preferring instead the crisis management approach. Presently, an increasing number of nations are pursuing a more proactive approach that emphasizes the principles of risk management and sustainable development. Because of the multitude of impacts associated with drought and the numerous governmental agen-cies that have responsibility for some aspect of monitoring, assessment, mitigation, and planning, developing a policy and plan must be an integrated process within and between levels of government. This chapter outlines in considerable detail a generic process that can be adopted by governments that desire to develop a more comprehensive approach to drought management.