Drought -- National Drought Mitigation Center


Date of this Version



Published in Drought: A Global Assessment, Vol. I, edited by Donald A. Wilhite, chap. 18, pp. 245–255 (London: Routledge, 2000).


Copyright © 2000 Donald A. Wilhite for the selection and editorial matter; individual chapters, the contributors.


Throughout human existence, drought has been a threat to the survival of societies. It has often been a trigger for massive human migrations, famines, and wars, altering the course of history itself. Today, as we prepare to enter the twenty-first century, drought continues to affect our global community in countless ways. In fact, we are still discovering the complex interrelationships between drought and society and grappling with response and mitigation strategies that will lessen impacts and therefore reduce vulnerability for future generations.