Department of Educational Psychology


Date of this Version



Educational Researcher (2010) 39(1): 38-47. DOI: 10.3102/0013189X09357622.


Copyright 2010, Sage. Published on behalf of American Educational Research Association. Used by permission. DOI: 10.3102/0013189X09357622.


In this article, the authors review research on individual, peer, and school contributions that may be critical factors for enhancing efforts to address bullying among students. Methodological challenges are delineated,with an emphasis on how bullying is defined and assessed and the subsequent implications for bullying prevention and intervention program evaluation. The impact of school-based anti-bullying programs and the challenges currently facing educators and researchers in this area are discussed. The article concludes with a proposal for a broader, ecologically based model of school bullying based on the emerging literature.