Department of Educational Psychology


Date of this Version

September 2000


Published in Encyclopedia of Psychology (2000), volume 7, pages 167–170. Copyright © 2000 by the American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press, Inc. Used by permission.


Consultation services in schools and related settings have received increased support over recent years because of their documented effi ciency and effi cacy. Psychologists working in schools are recognizing the desirability of such services to address the needs of an increasingly complex population of students. Consultation is defi ned as an indirect problem-solving and decision- making model that involves the cooperative eff orts of a consultant (specialist) and consultees (teachers, parents, caregivers) to clarify primary needs and issues and to develop, implement, and evaluate appropriate strategies for intervention.