Department of Educational Psychology


Date of this Version



Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 33:6 (2012), pp. 320–322.

doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2012.07.001


Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Used by permission.


Morality tells us how to treat each other. Social identity connects us to each other. But all is not well. Social identity connects us to a group and thus to its members. Morality requires justice for everyone, regardless of group. Thus considerations of morality and social identity often pull in different directions (Appiah, 2005; Moshman, 2007; Sen, 2006).

Two excellent and complementary new books, Children and Social Exclusion and Narrative and the Politics of Identity, address the developmental roots and implications of these issues. The first reviews and integrates multiple programs of research on children’s developing judgments about dilemmas of social inclusion and exclusion. The second extends the developmental picture into adolescence with a major new study of identity development in a context of ongoing group violence.