Department of Educational Psychology


Date of this Version



Hong, J.S.;Wang, M.; Negi, R.; Voisin, D.R.; Takahashi, L.M.; Iadipaolo, A. Less Computer Access: Is It a Risk or a Protective Factor for Cyberbullying and Face-to-Face Bullying Victimization among Adolescents in the United States? Behav. Sci. 2023, 13, 834. https://


Open access.


The present study investigates whether less computer access is associated with an increase or decrease in cyberbullying and face-to-face bullying victimization. Data were derived from the 2009–2010 Health Behavior in School-Aged Children U.S. Study, consisting of 12,642 adolescents aged 11, 13, and 15 years (Mage = 12.95). We found that less computer usage was negatively associated with cyberbullying victimization and face-to-face bullying victimization. The findings from the study have implications for research and practice.