Electrical & Computer Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



United States Patent Qiao et al. Patent No.: US 10,574,154 B1


A scalable universal space vector pulse-width modulation (SVPWM) scheme for multilevel inverters is disclosed. In the disclosed SVPWM scheme, the modulation triangle is quickly identified based on a coordinate transformation from an a-ß coordinate system to a 120° oblique coordinate system. Then, the duty cycles and switching states of the three vertices of the modulation triangle are determined by simple algebric computations. In a switching period, any vertex of the modulation triangle can be flexibly selected as the start point to optimize the switching sequence with flexibly adjustable duty cycles(s) for the redundant switching state(s) according to specific applications.