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J. Cervantes, F. F. Choobineh: Quantile-Based Approach for Transmission Expansion Planning Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2991127
Transmission expansion planning is an integral part of power system planning and consists of generating and selecting transmission proposals for maintaining sufficient transmission capacity to satisfy the electric load. Specifically, the desire to increase the use of renewable energy has exposed the limitations of transmission networks and has elevated the importance of transmission expansion planning. However, considering the random nature of renewable sources in conjunction with the power outages makes the planning process very challenging. We present a new procedure for selecting the best transmission enhancement proposal from a set of finite proposals under uncertainty. The selection is based on the quantile value of the cost of each proposal. The procedure uses a combination of simulation and optimization and considers randomness of uncertain parameters of the network. Wind energy and network contingencies are among the considered random parameters. The procedure is suitable for evaluating investor-initiated enhancement proposals by the planner and statistically guarantees satisfaction of the planner’s prespecified probability of correct selection since simulation is involved. Two IEEE test networks are used for demonstrating the implementation of the new procedure. For these two test networks, solutions obtained using quantiles are compared with those when the expected value or a weighted combination of the expected value and the conditional-value-at-risk are used as selection criteria. The comparison shows that similar to the use of conditional-value-at-risk, the selection is sensitive to the choice of the quantile.