Electrical & Computer Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



IEEE Internet of Things Journal (June 1, 2023) 10(11): 3246846

doi: 10.1109/JIOT.2023.3246846


Copyright 2023, IEEE. Used by permission.


The Internet of Things (IoT) plays a critical role in enabling the seamless integration of disparate devices. Future IoT will rapidly expand its coverage to offer future worldwide omnipresent applications and services by merging communications in diverse spatial domains to build the space–air–ground–ocean-integrated network (SAGOI-Net). SAGOI-Net will include a significant number of battery-powered network nodes, such as satellites, unmanned vehicles, and underwater devices, due to the extremely vast geographic reach and dynamics in free space. Given the battery limitations, high-energy-efficiency communications and networking will be critical to the future system. Green SAGOI-Net seeks to not only bring ubiquitous connectivity to every corner of the globe but also to deliver more data with the same amount of energy.