Date of this Version
Arthropod Management Tests, 43(1), 2018, 1–2
Section F: Field & Cereal Crops
Wireworms are an important pest of corn, other field crop seedlings, and vegetables and can cause significant damage if not controlled. This field trial was established to evaluate the efficacy of neonicotinoid seed treatments and in-furrow soil insecticides to protect seedling field corn under a heavy wireworm pressure scenario. The trial was conducted on a commercial production field in Perkins County near Madrid, NE (40.781993° N, −101.463666° W). The field was selected for its likelihood to have heavy wireworm pressure due to the following: 1) past farmer observations of crop damage when planted to field corn in 2012; 2) sandy soils (soil type: Valent loamy sand, 3 to 9% slopes); and 3) recent cropping history (livestock were grazed on double cropped rye and sorghumsudangrass in 2013 and 2014). An RCB design with four treatments (including an untreated check [UTC]) and four replications was used. Each plot was four rows by 30 ft. The trial was planted on 1 May using a small plot research planter at 32,000 seeds per acre at an approximate depth of 1.4–1.75 inches in 30-inch rows. The hybrid planted was TA566-31 (T.A. Seeds, Jersey Shore, PA) with the Agrisure Viptera 3111 Bt trait package. All seed, including the UTC was treated with fungicide Maxim Quattro at 0.064 mg AI/seed. The tested insecticides were applied in-furrow, with calculations based on an application volume of 5 gal/acre. The atplant insecticide treatments were applied on 1 May at rates given in Table 1. The plots received irrigation, fertilization, and weed management inputs following standard agronomic practices for the region, with no insecticide applications other than the experimental treatments. Plant stand counts and symptoms of wireworm feeding damage (wilting, feeding on leaf, stem, seed or root, or stem scarring) and presence of wireworms for 20 plants per plot were recorded at 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 56 days after planting (DAP). Cool, wet weather following planting led to slow plant emergence; therefore, all stand counts at 7 and 14 DAP were zero and are not presented below. The data were analyzed across sample dates using repeated measures PROC MIXED with mean separation by least square means (P = 0.05) in SAS version 9.4.