Date of this Version
Current Opinion in Virology 2018, 33:47–54
Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV, genus Tritimovirus; family Potyviridae) is the most economically important virus of wheat in the Great Plains region of the USA. WSMV is transmitted by the eriophyid wheat curl mite (WCM), Aceria tosichella Keifer. In contrast to Hemipteran-borne plant viruses, the mode and mechanism of eriophyid mite transmission of viruses have remained poorly understood, mostly due to difficulty of working with these ~200 μm long microscopic creatures. Among eriophyid-transmitted plant viruses, relatively extensive work has been performed on population genetics of WCMs, WSMV determinants involved in WCM transmission, and localization of WSMV virions and inclusion bodies in WCMs. The main focus of this review is to appraise readers on WCM, WSMV encoded proteins required for WCM transmission and further details and questions on the mode of WSMV transmission by WCMs, and potential advances in management strategies for WCMs and WSMV with increased understanding of transmission.