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There is substantial evidence to suggest the major health and environmental benefits of the Mediterranean diet. When compared to the Western Pattern diet, the Mediterranean diet consistently ranks higher by both of these measures. Considering a looming environmental crisis and an already present health epidemic, a major dietary shift and overhaul of the current food system in America is necessary. Yet few studies aim to suggest the transferability of the Mediterranean diet to regions outside of the Mediterranean basin. Nebraska offers a unique case study as it reflects the contextually poor health of Americans and boasts a massive agriculture industry supported by diverse geographical features. The following study aims to compare the two diets from a health and environmental lens and identify transferrable components to be applied in Nebraska.