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© 2003, The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska on behalf of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension. All rights reserved.


This NebGuide explains how to plant and raise nut trees and shrubs from seed. Seeding methods, planting design, site preparation and post-planting care are discussed.


Conservation tree and shrub plantings create wildlife habitat, improve water quality, produce marketable nuts, and enhance landscape diversity. Usually, nursery-grown seedlings are used to establish these plantings. However, a number of problems exist when using seedlings, including increased costs and reduced initial tree vigor and survival. Direct seeding of tree and shrub seeds avoids many of these problems, and is a proven, effective means to establish conservation plantings in Nebraska and elsewhere.


Conservation nut tree plantings can be successfully established from seed plantings in the fall. Successful projects will include proper seed collection and short-term storage, timely planting, weed and grass control, prevention of wildlife damage and potential thinning of crowded seedlings. Planning and attention to these details will help ensure healthy, diverse plantings that provide woodland products, wildlife habitat, environmental protection and landscape diversity. For additional information and assistance, contact your local office of UNL Cooperative Extension, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Natural Resources District,or Nebraska Forest Service.