Child, Youth, and Family Studies, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 26 (2014), pp 465–501. DOI: 10.1080/10538720.2014.951817


Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Used by permission.


Past scholarship has demonstrated shortcomings in developmental theories for both sexual and ethnic identity. Furthermore, identity development may be especially challenging for members of multiple minority groups facing significant social stressors. The primary goal of this study was to explore identity consolidation processes among individuals with intersecting minority identities. Using in-depth, personal interviews and self-report measures, data were collected from 16 ethnic minority gay men and lesbians. Themes such as acceptance, invisibility, and fear confirm the influence of social context on identity integration. Findings revealed differing magnitudes of consolidation. Greater social support and educational endeavors were critical factors in distinguishing participants’ extent of integration. Implications for practice and research are presented.