Date of this Version
Hong, S.-Y. (2011). Preschoolers’ social behavior and context coding system. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
1. Observe during free play, small groups, routines/transitions, and outdoor play on two different days per child. Do not observe during large group activity.
2. Observe the target child’s behavior for 20 seconds and code for 30 seconds.
3. Context: a.) Coded as mutually exclusive subcategories.
4. Nature of Activity: a.) Coded as mutually exclusive subcategories. b.) If ‘Daily routines/transitions’ was coded, the Type of Activity should be coded as one of the four types relevant to daily routines/transitions (i.e., Personal care, Meal and snack, Clean up, or Transition activity).
5. Type of Activity: a.) The types of activities should be coded as mutually exclusive subcategories. b.) If two types of activities occurred during the 20 seconds, code the one that happened for the majority of time. c.) If Nature of Activity was coded as ‘Daily routines/transitions,’ the Type of Activity can only be one of the four types relevant to daily routines/transitions (i.e., Personal care, Meal and snack, Clean up, or Transition activity).
6. Group Composition: a.) The target child does not have to have interactions with people around him/her. This is about who was physically available within 3 feet from the target child. b.) If the target child was within 3 feet from one or more peers, circle T (typically developing child; child without disabilities), D (child with disabilities), and/or E (English language learner).
7. Type of Social Play: a.) If Type of Social Play is Unoccupied/Wandering, Onlooker, Parallel play or on-task behavior, Interactive play: Engaged with adult(s), do not code Nature of Peer Interaction. b.) These are mutually exclusive subcategories. Code the highest level of social play. c.) If the target child interacted with one or more peers, circle T (typically developing child), D (child with a disability), and/or E (English language learner).
8. Nature of Peer Interaction: a.) Code Initiate/Respond and Positive/Negative. b.) Initiate means that the target child began the verbal or nonverbal interaction with peer(s) first during an interval; Respond means that s/he responded to peer(s)’ initiation for most of the time during the interval. c.) Circle V (Verbal) or N (Nonverbal) for each behavior observed. Code as many behaviors as possible (these are not mutually exclusive subcategories).