Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Water Resources Research (June 2004) v. 40, 9 p. W06507, doi:10.1029/2003WR002932. Copyright 2004, American Geophysical Union. Used by permission. Correction published September 16, 2004.


Existing analytical models for evaluating stream depletion by wells in alluvial aquifers are based on the assumption that stream depletion supplies 100% of groundwater withdrawals. Analysis of specific hydrostratigraphic conditions in leaky aquifers indicates that stream depletion may range from 0 to 100%. A new concept of maximum stream depletion rate (MSDR) is introduced and defined as a maximum fraction of the pumping rate contributed by the stream depletion. Several new analytical solutions indicate that the MSDR is determined by aquifer hydrostratigraphic conditions, geometry of recharge and discharge zones, and locations of pumping wells.