Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of


Date of this Version



Liang, X., Zlotnik, V. A., Zhang, Y.‐K., & Xin, P. (2020). Diagnostic Analysis of Bank Storage Effects on Sloping Floodplains. Water Resources Research, 56, e2019WR026385. 10.1029/2019WR026385


©2020. American Geophysical Union. Used by permission.


Stream bank storage effects during floods have received limited attention, despite the significant role of such floods in aquifer water budgets. One reason is the complexity of geometry of the problem, which commonly has been treated numerically. Using a simple model in a domain with moving boundary, a semianalytical solution for bank storage effects is proposed to account for stream stage hydrograph, floodplain slope, and aquifer parameters. The results extend classic solutions by Cooper and Rorabaugh (1963, for idealized vertical streambanks but applied to realistic floodplain cross sections. The accuracy of the semianalytical solution is verified by a one‐dimensional numerical method and compared to a vertical two‐dimensional variably saturated‐flow numerical model. Comparison indicates that a robust solution is valid for diagnostic analyses of modeling bank storage effects on floodplains. The semianalytical solution is applied to laboratory experiments as well. The results indicate that the present solution provides reasonable estimates of peak timing and head of groundwater flow response in the sloping bank during varying stream stage.