Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for


Date of this Version

October 1981


Since 1972, when the U.S. Government restricted uses of toxicants for controlling coyotes, a variety of non-lethal techniques has been tested for effectiveness in protecting livestock. Some were ineffective, but others helped to reduce the incidence of predation on sheep. In addition to sound management practices, electric fencing and livestock guarding dogs appear to have the widest applicability for sheep producers. Mechanical frightening devices have been successful in some fenced pasture sheep operations. As with the lethal methods currently used, non-lethal control does not solve all depredation problems. A combination of various control techniques (both lethal and non-lethal) is necessary to minimize the impact of predation on sheep.