Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for


Date of this Version

April 1995


A stepwise approach was developed in 1993 to handle agricultural damage complaints caused by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Results from 2 seasons were evaluated to determine the effectiveness of the procedures implemented. Approximately half of the damage complaints received were handled by prescribing non-lethal techniques such as fencing, harassment, and repellents. The remainder of the complaints required 1 or more types of lethal control. Although doe harvest rates were similar under the 2 permit options, Damage Control Assistance Permits (DCAP) provided several distinct advantages over out of season shooting using Depredation Permits (DEPR). The DCAP permits increased hunting opportunity, eliminated the need for landowners to expend considerable time and effort shooting deer out of season, and fostered a cooperative relationship between landowners and hunters. Recipients of DCAP tags tended to continue with the program, thereby providing longterm control.