Great Plains Studies, Center for


Date of this Version



Published in Great Plains Quarterly 12:4 (Fall 1992). Copyright © 1992 Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska–Lincoln.


Almost forty years ago, Roland Berthoff used the published census to construct a map of English Canadian settlement in the United States for the year 1900 (Map 1).1 Migration among this group was generally short distance in nature, yet a closer examination of Berthoff's map reveals that considerable numbers of migrants gravitated toward more distant agricultural and urban frontiers and a reading of the historical literature on internal migration within North America emphasizes the fact that a significant number of Canadians living in the United States returned home to Canada during the period 1896-1914.2