Great Plains Studies, Center for


Date of this Version

Spring 2010


Published in Great Plains Research 20.1 (Spring 2010): 142-43.


Copyright 2010 Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Used by permission.


In One Hundred Summers, Candace Greene examines a recently discovered bundle of heavily worn Kiowa calendar drawings by one of the great Kiowa calendar keepers, Silver Horn, now in the collections of the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History (SNOMNH). The loose drawings, once bound in a ledger book, document events from 1828 to 1929, a period that brought unprecedented change to the Kiowas.

Greene opens her study with an introduction to the Kiowa calendar tradition, followed by two shorter chapters dealing specifically with Silver Horn’s calendar at the SNOMNH. Chapter 4 presents the 64 surviving sheets that once formed the ledger book. Since almost all of the calendar versos are blank, only the drawings on the rectos are reproduced. The sheets measure 6”x15” and have been reproduced 50% of their original size and oriented top to bottom in order to provide the largest images possible within the book’s dimensions. The drawings are reproduced on the book’s versos with corresponding analysis set on the facing rectos. The volume closes with a Kiowa language glossary, courtesy of Gus Palmer, Jr., and three appendices: A and B provide the text of the Little Bluff and Hauvahte calendars respectively, functioning as a concordance to the Silver Horn calendar, and C lists other Kiowa calendars.