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The recently restored Ponca Tribe of Nebraska has faced considerable challenges to the expression of their tribalism throughout the contact period. As a small. prairie-plains tribe the Ponca have endured the ravages of epidemic disease. land cessions. dispossession and removal. assimilation and finally in 1962. the outright termination of their status as a federally recognized tribe. The Ponca Tribe of Nebraska has been granted the opportunity to attempt retribalization with the 1990 Congressional restoration of their recognized status. The historical circumstances which have contributed to the assaults on their political and cultural identity will be explored within the larger framework of federal Indian policy and the metropolis-satellite model.