Great Plains Studies, Center for


Date of this Version

Spring 2004


Published in Great Plains Research Vol. 14, No. 1, 2004. Copyright © 2004 The Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Used by permission.


As the nineteenth century drew to a close, a team of naturalists ventured out across the state of Texas to capture, identify, and record as many species of wildlife as they could find. Under the direction of Vernon Bailey, they spent more than 2,100 days in Texas between 1889 and 1906 sampling each of the state's ten ecological regions. Their efforts were part of a nation-wide survey sponsored by the Department of Agriculture.

Bailey's 1905 summary of the team's findings, North American Fauna No. 25: Biological Survey of Texas, has served as a standard reference on Texas mammals for almost a century. Long out of print and its contents inaccessible to the general public, Bailey's report now appears again in its entirety in David Schmidly's Texas Natural History: A Century of Change.