Honors Program


Date of this Version

Spring 3-12-2018

Document Type



Counts, Sadie. How Toxic Masculinity Hurts Trans Women: A Qualitative Analysis of the Constructions of Masculinity and Femininity and Their Relation to Violence within Brazilian Culture. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2018.


Copyright Sadie Counts 2018


The following research project attempts to discover the connections between the cultural constructions of both masculinity and femininity in Brazil and their potential connections to violence against transgender women. An interdisciplinary approach was taken including an analysis of public opinion data from Brazil, ethnographic accounts of the lives of trans women, anthropological and historical accounts, as well as applications of both gender and sexual theory. The results show that it is in fact more heavily the construction of masculinity in Brazil, not femininity, and the way that femininity is perceived through masculinity, which correlates to the increased violence against transgender women, although femininity is still a significant factor. Ultimately, determining on whether a trans woman’s appearance matches with the male idealization of the female form affects whether or not she will be a target of violence.