Date of this Version
Goeschel, K. J. (2021). A Person-Centered Care Model’s Effectiveness for Older Adults with Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Undergraduate Honors Thesis. University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
I evaluated the effectiveness of person-centered care interventions for older adults with dementia. Quality of life and agitation levels were used as primary outcomes for the effectiveness of the intervention. Electronic databases were searched for studies which satisfied the inclusion principles and did not satisfy exclusion principles. Cluster-randomized trials and non-randomized control trials which compared person-centered care approaches to usual care were included. I performed two random-effects meta-analyses. Six studies with 1,384 patients were included. For older adults with dementia, person-centered care had no significant impact on quality-of-life improvement (SMD = -0.116, p = 0.206) or agitation reduction (SMD = 6.673, p = 0.124). No absolute conclusion about the correlation between person-centered care intervention and the studied outcomes could be made.