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Longevity can be important to the economic efficiency of beef production. The longer cows remain productive in a herd, the fewer the number of replacement heifers needed and the greater the calf output per cow maintained. In this way, more heifers can be sold for feeding and slaughter, and the cost of growing out replacement females to a productive age is reduced. Less culling of infertile cows also increases output per cow exposed. This study was conducted to determine effects of heterosis on longevity and associated factors in crosses of the Hereford, Angus, and Shorthorn breeds.