U.S. Department of Agriculture: Agricultural Research Service, Lincoln, Nebraska


Date of this Version


Document Type



Published in Beef Research Program Progress Report (1988) No. 3: 26-28


Bison, Hereford, and Brahman represent three species of the bovine family that evolved under different environmental conditions. There has been much interest in these species and hybrids among them to find animal types that are better adapted to the climatic conditions of the U.S. northern temperate zones down to the subtropical areas. There has been considerable research on growth and carcass characteristics of crosses among British, European, and Brahman cattle types, such as studies at U.S. Meat Animal Research Center. However, there is little experimental documentation of the growth and carcass merit of Bison or their crosses. The three species differ distinctly in conformation, and Bison normally have 14 ribs instead of 13. The experiment described here addresses the differences in growth and carcass characteristics between Bison and two cattle types.