U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


Date of this Version

Spring 2011


Human–Wildlife Interactions 5(1):106–111, Spring 2011.


To be effective, livestock protection dogs (LPDs) must be carefully integrated with the livestock they will be protecting. Others have developed guidelines to assist producers in this training and assimilation process. In many areas fencing is necessary; however, guidelines for containing LPDs and their livestock behind electric fencing are lacking. We present results from larger projects involving LPDs where we encountered issues with fencing and preventing LPDs from roaming from their owner’s property. We found that ranging and escaping from pastures was exhibited by LPDs that were not properly introduced and trained to electric fencing at an early age. LPDs that were trained strategically to respect electric fencing were effective guardians and did not leave livestock pastures.