U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


Date of this Version



Journal of Microbiological Methods 172 (2020) 105892

doi 10.1016/j.mimet.2020.105892


US govt


A method was developed and validated for the detection of colistin-resistant Escherichia coli containing mcr-1 in the feces of feral swine. Following optimization of an enrichment method using EC broth supplemented with colistin (1 μg/mL) and vancomycin (8 μg/mL), aliquots derived from 100 feral swine fecal samples were spiked with of one of five different mcr-1 positive E. coli strains (between 100 and 104 CFU/g), for a total of 1110 samples tested. Enrichments were then screened using a simple boil-prep and a previously developed real-time PCR assay for mcr-1 detection. The sensitivity of the method was determined in swine feces, with mcr-1 E. coli inocula of 0.1–9.99 CFU/g (n=340), 10–49.99 CFU/g (n=170), 50–99 CFU/g (n=255), 100–149 CFU/g (n=60), and 200–2200 CFU/g (n=175), which were detected with 32%, 72%, 88%, 95%, and 98% accuracy, respectively. Uninoculated controls (n = 100) were negative for mcr-1 following enrichment.