U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


Date of this Version



Wildl. Lett. 2023;1:79–82.

DOI: 10.1002/wll2.12017


This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License,


Black vultures (Coragyps atratus) provide invaluable ecological services through disposal of carrion and the mobilization of energy within the landscape. Human‐wildlife conflicts with these birds have increased as populations have grown and the species distribution has expanded. We identify critical science needed to understand conflict between black vultures and humans to inform effective management of this species in North America. It is imperative that diagnostic criteria supporting the identification of the impacts of black vulture on livestock be standardized and verified. Management guidelines that take these criteria into account will enable reduction in the potential for black‐vulture‐farmer conflict and allow us to properly investigate such conflict when it occurs.