U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


MOUNTAIN LIONS (Felis concolor)

James E. Knight, Extension Wildlife Specialist, Animal and Range Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717

Document Type Article


The mountain lion (cougar, puma, catamount, panther; Fig. 1) is the largest cat native to North America. The mountain lion (Felis concolor) can be found in a variety of habitats including coniferous forests, wooded swamps, tropical forests, open grasslands, chaparral, brushlands, and desert edges. Mountain lions are carnivorous. The range of the mountain lion in North America. Mountain lions are shy, elusive, and primarily nocturnal animals that occasionally are active during daylight hours. Mountain lions are predators on sheep, goats, cattle, and horses. House cats, dogs, pigs, and poultry are also prey.