U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service



James E. Knight, Extension Wildlife Specialist, Animal and Range Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717

Document Type Article


Three major species of jackrabbits occur in North America: Blacktail jackrabbit (Lepus californicus), whitetail jackrabbits (L. townsendii), and showshoe hare (L. americanus). The whitetail jackrabbit is found mainly in the north central and northwestern United States and no further south than the extreme north central part of New Mexico and southern Kansas. Members of the genus Lepus are born well-furred and able to move about. Hares consume 1/2 to 1 pound (1.1 to 2.2 kg) of green vegetation each day. Jackrabbits are considered nongame animals in most states and are not protected by state game laws.