U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


Date of this Version

March 2001


Published in Avian effects assessment: a framework for contaminant studies . A. Hart, D. Balluff, R. Barfknecht, P. F. Chapman, T. Hawks, A. Leopold, and R. Luttik, editors. SETAC Press, Pensacola, Florida, USA, 2001.


General information and use pattern
Function: Insecticide seed treatment
Mode of action: Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor
Type and composition of formulation: Cereal seed treatment with colored dye. Nominal concentration on seed is 1000 mg a.i./kg.
Crop and pest: Control of wheat bulb fly in autumn/winter-sown cereals
Application: Treated seed is drilled to a depth of approximately 2.5 cm at a sowing rate of approximately 180 kg seed/ha. Soil type, seedbed, and climatic conditions may influence the proportion of seeds left on the soil surface. The label is explicit about procedures to minimize seed left on the soil surface and collection and disposal of spillages.