U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


Date of this Version

March 2002


Published by Journal of Chromatography B, 775 (2002) 103–108. Permission to use.


A method for the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) determination of nicarbazin uptake and excretion in ducks is presented. The method uses few clean-up steps and provides a rapid assessment of nicarbazin excretion by measuring the analyte 4,4’-dinitrocarbanalide (DNC). During method development the effect of extraction volume, number of extractions, mobile phase composition, column temperature, and injection volume were varied to optimize sensitivity and achieve as short a run time as possible. For our purposes, a 2 x 5.0 ml 1:1 dimethyl formamide (DMF):acetonitrile (ACN) extraction injected (40 ml) into an HPLC system equipped with a Keystone octadecylsilyl (ODS) C column and a UV 18 variable wavelength detector (λ =347 nm) with a mobile phase of 60:40 (v/v) ACN–H O, at a flow-rate of 1.0 ml/min at a 2 column temperature of 35 8C provided adequate resolution and an acceptable total run time. Studies conducted during method development for inter-day recovery efficiencies for 0.46, 1.8 and 88.5 mg/g fortified samples (n=3) had mean recoveries of 91, 94 and 97% and intra-day (n=3) recoveries at the same fortification levels of 103, 94, and 92%. The method has been used successfully in excretion studies of nicarbazin in ducks.