Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for


Date of this Version



Proceedings Ninth Bird Control Seminar, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, October 4-6, 1983. Ed. William B. Jackson and Beth Jackson Dodd


Copyright © 1983 Abdul Aziz Khan and Shakeel Ahmed


Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri (Scopoli) damage to sunflower heads was estimated in two provinces of Pakistan during the spring of 1981. In seven districts of Punjab the damage ranged from 5.0-23.28 %, with an average of 11.72 %. In rainfed areas the damge was as high as 71.43%, with average of 38.29%. In Sind the damage was on the higher order. In nine districts the damage ranged from 6.98-26.09%, with an average of 16.61 % and as high as 55% at some locations. Majority of fields (47%) had 10% damage or less, while less than 10% of fields had 40-75% damage. The economic losses, based on 1983 production statistics, amounted to US$ 1.95 million.