Center for Systematic Entomology, Gainesville, Florida


Date of this Version



Hielkema AJ. 2022. The referential abbreviations used by Linnaeus and other authors from 1758 through 1779 for describing species of Scarabaeoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera). Insecta Mundi 0949: 1–93.


Copyright held by the author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons, Attribution Non-Commercial License,

Published on August 26, 2022 by Center for Systematic Entomology, Inc. P.O. Box 141874 Gainesville, FL 32614-1874 USA


A list of abbreviations regarding literature, collections and persons as used by early authors (1758–1779) of scarabaeoid beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) is given together with modern referrals to the Literature Cited. Notes regarding referential errors are included. Hyperlinks to all mentioned and freely online available publications are provided.