Center for Systematic Entomology, Gainesville, Florida


Date of this Version



Flowers RW. 2023. Aksakidion odontokeras (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae: Eumolpini), a new genus and species in an old collection from Paraguay. Insecta Mundi 1017: 1–5.

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Aksakidion odontokeras, new genus and new species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae: Eumolpini), is described from four specimens in the Bowditch Collection at Harvard University. It is dis­tinguished from all other genera in the Eumolpinae by an elongate, seta-bearing, tusk-like projection on the dorsal side of each mandible. Although locality data only mention Paraguay as the country of origin, information about the collector indicates it was collected in the late 19th century in the vicinity of Asunción.

During a recent visit to the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University (MCZ) to study type mate­rial of Neotropical Chrysomelidae, a short series of four highly unusual specimens was discovered among unidentified material in a tray of Lamprosphaerus Baly (subfamily Eumolpinae) in the Bowditch Collection of Chrysomelidae. The specimens appeared congeneric with species of Spintherophyta Lefèvre, except for a strik­ing pair of anterior projections. On closer examination, these projections were found to be located on the dorsal surface of the mandibles, and to have numerous apparent sensory pits and setae. Along with the unique man­dibles, a number of other characters were found that are not present in known Spintherophyta. Examination of the structure of the abdomen showed that all four specimens are males. These specimens are described below as a new genus and species.