U.S. Joint Fire Science Program


Date of this Version


Document Type



Project Active ID: 04-S-01


U.S. Government Work


The Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003 (HFRA) was enacted to reduce wildfire risk to communities and other at-risk lands through a collaborative process of planning, prioritizing and implementing hazardous fuel reduction projects. One of the key features of HFRA is the development of community wildfire protection plans (CWPPs). We studied the development of CWPPs in order to identify those factors and processes that consistently lead to effective collaborative fire and fuels management as defined by HFRA, and enhance local social capacity to sustain wildfire protection activities into the future. Findings from this research highlight the importance of: (1) drawing on local knowledge and skills; (2) building learning communities; (3) accessing networks and involving intermediaries; and (4) building on local capacities and developing new capacities to successful wildfire planning.