Educational Administration, Department of


Date of this Version


Document Type



Journal of Women in Educational Leadership, Vol. 2, No.1-January 2004 ISSN: 1541-6224


©2004 Pro>Active Publications


From 1988 to 1998 the percentage of female school principals increased from 20% to 48% and continues to grow. The number of women entering school administration has grown as has the number of principal turnovers. Women who seek positions in educational leadership face many issues. Ten barriers that continue to surface in the research are: little encouragement to assume leadership roles; lack of female role models; perceived need to be "better qualified"; women cannot discipline older, male students; resentment of males working for females; some educators prefer male principals; reluctance to relocate; long hours; women lack the desire for power; and leadership styles differ. The authors address these barriers and suggest ways to overcome them.