Date of this Version
2009 Pro>Active Publications
This article focuses on the development and validation of the Ethical Leadership Index (ELI). The development and validation processes included: adopting a framework; developing items; providing evidence of content validity; conduct- ing a pilot study; and analyzing data to provide evidence of construct validity and reliability estimates. Five ethical principles that are mentioned in leadership models, theories, and approaches served as the framework for the ELI. They in- clude respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, and fidelity. The results of the study indicate that the ELI is a psychometrically sound instru- ment, which warrants its use in leadership programs and organizations.