Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln



Ameen, K. (2011), “Changing scenario of librarianship in Pakistan: Managing with the challenges and opportunities”, Library Management, Vol. 32No.3, pp.171-182.

Babu, R.B. Vinayagamoorthy, P. and Gopalakrishnan, S. (2007), “ICT Skills among Librarians in Engineering Educational Institutions in Tamil Nadu”, DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 55-64.

Burke, L. (2002), “The future role of the librarians in the virtual library environment”, The Australian Library Journal, Vol. 51 No.1, pp.31-45. available at: (accessed August 18, 2011).

Chawner, B. and Oliver, G. (2013), “A survey of New Zealand academic reference librarians: Current and future skills and competencies”, Australian Academic & Research Libraries, Vol. 44 No. 1, pp.29–39. available at: November28, 2012).

Dastgerdi, A.F. (2009), “Librarians’ education in the age of knowledge: Considerations of skills, methods, and tools”, Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), available at: (accessed June 13, 2012).

Farajpahlou, A.H. (2002),“Criteria for the success of automated library systems: Iranian experience (application and test of related scale)”, Library Review, Vol. 51 No. 2, pp. 364-372.

Gerolimos, M. and Konsta, R. (2008), Librarians’ skills and qualifications in a modern informational environment”, Library Management, Vol. 29 No. 8/9, pp. 691-699.

Huvila, I., Holmberg, K., Kronqvist-Berg, M., Nivakoski, O. and Widén, G. (2013),“What is Librarian 2.0,New competencies or interactive relations? A library professional viewpoint”, Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Vol.45 No.3, pp. 198–205.

Isfandyari-Moghaddam, A. and Hosseini-Shoar, M. (2011), “familiarity and useofweb2 tools among Hamedan University librarians”, Journal of Library and Information Science, Vol.53 No.1, pp.155-181.

Kattimani, S.F. and Naik, R.R. (2013), “Evaluation of librarianship and ICT skills of library and information professionals working in the engineering college libraries in Karnataka, India: a survey”, Program: electronic library and information systems, Vol. 47 No. 4, pp.345–369.

Khan, A. and Ahmed, S. (2013), “Job Satisfaction among Librarians in the Universities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: A Survey”, Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), available at: (accessed August16, 2013).

Medical Library Association, (2008), “Competencies for lifelong learning and professional success: The educational policy statement of the Medical Library Association”, available at: (accessed August16, 2011).

Mohsenzadeh, F. and Isfandyari-Moghaddam, A. (2009),“Application of information technologies in academic libraries”, The Electronic Library, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 986-998.

Ramzan, M. and Singh, D. (2010), “Factors affecting librarians’ attitudes toward IT application in libraries”, The Electronic Library, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 334-344.

Safahieh, H. and Asemi, A. (2010), “Computer literacy skills of librarians: A case study of Isfahan university libraries, Iran”, The Electronic Library, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp.89-99.

Saunders, L. (2012), Identifying Core Reference Competencies from an Employers’ Perspective: Implications for Instruction”, College & Research Libraries, Vol.73 No.4, pp.390-404. available at: (accessed August16, 2013).

Shafique, F. (2007), “Librarianship: How is the future perceived by librarians in Pakistan?”, Library Review, Vol. 56 No. 9, pp. 811-820.

Tavassoli Farahi, M. and Gandhi, R.T.D. (2011), “IT skills among LIs professionals of medical libraries in India and Iran: A comparative study”, Annals of Library and Information, Vol. 58, pp. 161-169.

Thomas, V.K., Satpathi, C. and Satpathi, J.N. (2010), “Emerging challenges in academic librarianship and role of library associations in professional updating”, Library Management, Vol. 31 Nos. 8/9, pp. 594-609.


Due to the importance of ICT skills, several leading associations have released guidelines on needed ICT skills for librarians. In this study, Medical Library Association (MLA) statements on ICT skills were used for evaluating medical librarians’ level of information and communication technology expertise in Iran. A census sampling method was used. Chief Librarians working in college libraries affiliated to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME) in Iran participated in this study. Findings showed that based on MLA’s skill statements, medical LIS professionals working in medical, dental and pharmacy colleges possessed adequate skill in communications and information infrastructure including the Internet and Web; inadequate skill in integration of systems and technologies; and applications in emerging areas of biomedicine, computational biology and health information; medium skill in basic principles of automated systems, data standards, and system analysis techniques including design and evaluation; acquisition, use, and evaluation of information technologies; and technological solutions for permanent access to electronic information.



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