Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln



Anwar, M. A., Al-Kandari, N. M. & Al-Qallaf, C. L. (2004). Use of Bostick’s Library Anxiety Scale on undergraduate Biological Sciences students of KuwaitUniversity. Library & Information Science Research, 26, 266-283.

Battle, J. C. (2004). The effect of information literacy instruction on library anxiety among international students. PhD dissertation, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas.

Ben Omran, A. I. (2001). Library anxiety and internet anxiety among graduate students of a major research university. PhD dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.

Bessiere, K., Ceaparu, I., Lazar, J., Robinson, J. & Shneiderman, B. (2002). Understanding computer user frustration: Measuring and modeling the disruption from poor designs. Submitted for publication, University of Maryland, CS Technical Report, 4409.

Bostick, S. L. (1992). The development and validation of the Library Anxiety Scale. PhD dissertation, Wayne State University, Michigan.

Bowers, S. L. (2010). Library anxiety of law students: A study utilizing the Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale. PhD dissertation, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado.

Branch, J. L. (2001). Information seeking process of junior high school students: A case study of CD-ROM encyclopedia use. School Libraries Worldwide, 7(1), 11-27.

Brosnan, M., & Lee, W. (1998). A cross-cultural comparison of gender differences in computer attitudes and anxiety: The UK and Hong Kong. Computers in Human Behavior, 14(4), 559-577.

Brown, A. G., Weingart, S., Johnson, J. R. J. & Dance, B. (2004). Librarians don’t bite: Assessing library orientation for freshmen. Reference Services Review, 32(4), 394-403.

Burdick, T. (1995). Gender in the information search process: An exploratory study of student experience. PhD dissertation, FloridaStateUniversity, Tallahassee, Florida.

Chua, S. L., Chen, D. & Wong, A. F. L. (1999). Computer anxiety and its correlates: A meta-analysis. Computers in Human Behavior, 15, 609-623.

Cheng, Y. (2004). Thoughts, feelings, and actions: Quantitative comparisons of interactions and relationship among three factors in college students’ information seeking. PhD dissertation, Indiana University, Indiana.

Chin J., Fu W. & Kannampallil T. (2009). Adaptive information search: Age-dependent interactions between cognitive profiles and strategies. Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Boston, MA: Association for Computing Machinery.

Coupey, E., Irwin, R. & Payne, J. (1998). Product category familiarity and preference construction. Journal of Consumer Research, 24,459-468.

Czaja, S. J., Sharit, J., Ownby, R., Roth, D. L., & Nair, S. (2001). Examining age differences in performance of a complex information search and retrieval task. Psychology & Aging, 16(4), 564-579.

Dalrymple, P. W. & Zweizig, D. L. (1992). Users’ experience of information retrieval systems: An exploration of the relationship between search experience and affective measures. Library & Information Science Research, 14(2), 167-181.

Dholakia, U. & Bagozzi, R. P. (2001). Consumer behavior in digital environments. in Digital Marketing, Eds. Jerry Wind and Vijay Mahajan, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Durndell, A., & Haag, Z. (2002). Computer self-efficacy, computer anxiety, attitudes towards the Internet and reported experience with the Internet by gender in an East European sample. Computers in Human Behavior, 18, 521-535.

Dyck, J. L., & Smither, J. A. (1994). Age differences in computer anxiety: The role of computer experiences, gender, and education. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 10(3), 239-248.

Erfanmanesh, M. (2011). Use of Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale on education and psychology students in Iran. Library Philosophy & Practice, 9, 1-10.

Erfanmanesh, M. (2012). Investigating information seeking anxiety among postgraduate students: Development and validation of a multidimensional scale. PhD dissertation, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.

Erfanmanesh, M., Abrizah, A. & Noor, H. A. K. (2012). Development and validation of the Information Seeking Anxiety Scale. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science. 17(1), 21-39.

Gorman, K.L. (1984). Use of the University of Minnesota’s Walter Library: A follow-up survey of student users.MinnesotaUniversity.

Jacobsen, T. F. (1991). Gender differences in attitudes toward using computers in libraries: An exploratory study. Library & Information Science Research, 13(3), 269-279.

Jiao, Q. C., Onwuegbuzie, A. J. & Lichtenstein, A. A. (1996). Library anxiety: Characteristics of at-riskcollege students. Library & Information Science Research, 18(2), 151-163.

Jiao, Q. C. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (1997a). Prevalence and reasons for university library usage. Library Review, 46(6), 411-420.

Jiao, Q. C. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (1997b). Antecedents of library anxiety. Library Quarterly, 67, 372-389.

Jiao, Q. C. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2002). Anxiety-Expectation Mediation model of library anxiety. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Mid-south Educational Research Association, Chattanooga, United States.

Jiao, Q. C., Onwuegbuzie, A. J. & Waytowich, V. L. (2008). The relationship between citation errors and library anxiety: An empirical study of doctoral students in education. Information processing & management, 44(2), 948-956.

Kohrman, R. A. (2002). When you aren’t in Kansas any more: Computer, research and library anxieties of graduate education students. Master thesis, GrandValleyStateUniversity, Allendale, Michigan.

Kohrman, R. A. (2003). Computer anxiety in the 21st century: When you are not in Kansas any more. Paper presented at the eleventh Association of College & Research Libraries conference, Charlotte, United States.

Kuhlthau, C. C. (1988). The information search process of high, middle, and low achieving high school seniors. Paper presented at the research forum of the American Association of School Librarians, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Kuhlthau, C. C. (1993). Seeking meaning: A process approach to library and information services. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Lee, S. W. (2011). An exploratory case study of library anxiety and basic skills English students in a CaliforniaCommunity College district. PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, California.

Mech, T. F. & Brooks, C. I. (1995). Library anxiety among college students: An exploratory study. Paper presented at the 7th National Conference of the Association of College and Research Libraries, Pittsburgh, United States.

Mech, T. F. & Brooks, C. I. (1997). Anxiety and confidence in using a library by college freshmen and seniors. Psychological Reports, 81(3), 929-930.

Mellon, C. A. (1986). Library anxiety: A grounded theory and its development. College & Research Libraries, 47, 160-165.

Noor, H. A. K. & Ansari, N. (2011). Examining the effects of gender, nationality and bibliographic instruction on library anxiety. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 16(2), 141-154.

Okebukola, P. A. (1993). The gender factor in computer anxiety and interest among some Australian high school. Educational Research, 35(2), 181–189.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (1997). Writing a research proposal: The role of library anxiety, statistics anxiety and composition anxiety. Library & Information Science Research, 19(1), 5-33.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J. & Jiao, Q. C. (2000). I’ll go to the library later: The relationship between academic procrastination and library anxiety. College & Research Libraries, 6(1), 45-54.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J. & Jiao, Q. C. (2004). Information search performance and research achievement: An empirical test of the anxiety-expectation mediation (AEM) model of library anxiety. Journal of American Society for Information Science & Technology, 55 (1), 41-54.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Jiao, Q. C. & Bostick, S. L. (2004). Library anxiety: Theory, research, and applications. Lanham, Md.; Oxford: Scarecrow Press.

Parker, J. (1990). Computer anxiety as it relates to age, gender, and Myers Bnggs Personality Type. Unpublished Thesis, WrightStateUniversity. USA.

Rousseau G., Jamieson B., Rogers W., Mead S. & Sit R. (1998). Assessing the usability of on-line library systems. Behavioral & Information Technology, 17, 274-281.

Scott, C. R. & Rockwell, S. C. (1997). The effect of communication, writing and technology apprehension on likelihood to use new communication technologies. Communication Education, 46, 44-62.

Shoham, S. & Mizrachi, D. (2001). Library anxiety among undergraduates: A study of Israeli B. Ed. Students. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 27(4), 305-319.

Sigurdsson, J. F. (1991) Computer experience, attitudes toward computers and personality characteristics in Psychology undergraduates. Personality & Individual Differences, 12, 617–624.

Stronge, A., Rogers, W. & Fisk, A. (2006). Web-based information search and retrieval: Effects of strategy use and age on search success. Human Factors, 48(3), 434-446.

Todman, J. & Monaghan, E. (1994). Qualitative differences in computer experience, computer anxiety, and students’ use of computers: A path model. Computer Human Behavior, 10(4), 529-539.

Todman, J. (2000). Gender differences in computer anxiety among university entrants since 1992. Computers & Education, 34, 27–35.

Van Kampen, D. J. (2003). Library anxiety, the information search process and doctoral use of the library. PhD dissertation, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida.

Westerman, S., Davies, D., Glendon, A., Stammers, R. & Matthews, G. (1995). Age and cognitive ability as predictors of computerised information retrieval. Behaviour & Information Technology, 14, 107-20.

Yang, H. H., Mohamed, D., & Beyerbach, B. (1999) An investigation of computer anxiety among vocational technical teachers. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 37(1), 64–82.

Young, N. J. & Von Seggern, M. (2001). General information seeking in changing times: A focus group study. Reference & Users Services Quarterly, 41(2), 159-169.


This study examined the effects of gender, level of study and age on various dimensions of the information seeking anxiety construct among postgraduate students at a research-intensive university in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The 38-item Information Seeking Anxiety Scale was tested on three hundred and seventy-five (n=375) postgraduate students drawn from a population of eleven thousand (11000) students using stratified random sampling method. Gender, level of study and age were found to be antecedents of the information seeking construct using a series of independent sample t-tests, one-way analysis of variance and Pearson product moment correlation coefficient tests. Conversely, the test for interaction of gender and level of study on various dimensions of the information seeking anxiety construct was not statistically significant.



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