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This study evaluated the influence of indigene-ship and interpersonal relationship on employment of staff in selected federal university libraries in South-West, Nigeria. The selected libraries are the Hezekiah Olowsanmi Library of Obafemi Awolowo Univesity, Ile-Ife and Kenneth Dike library of the University of Ibadan. Two research objectives and two hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The ex-post facto research design was adopted, while census sampling technique was employed. The population comprised all the 143 professional and para-professional librarians in the libraries under study. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Data generated were analyzed using simple linear regression while t-test used to test the null hypotheses. The findings revealed that indigene-ship and interpersonal relationship have significant influence on employment of staff in libraries under study. Consequent upon the findings, it is recommended among others that employment equity regulating agencies should promote, monitor and enforce compliance with the principle of proportional sharing of employment opportunities across ethnic and tribal divides in federal government owned institutions in order to eliminate all forms of discrimination on the basis of indigeneity.