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This study aims to identify, analyze and explain the factors influencing Intrapreneurship of public libraries. It is applied in terms of the purpose, and quantitative in terms of the method used. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis techniques were also used in this study. The statistical population consisted of all employees working in Iranian public libraries; and data collection tool was a questionnaire. Based on the results of factor analysis, three factors with high eigenvalues were extracted and then named "Encouraging and rewarding system", "Education and research system" and "Organizational structure". Three extracted factors explained a total of 62.82 percent of the variance in organizational factors influencing Intrapreneurship of public libraries. Managers and policy makers in public libraries can use the results of this study to convert the public libraries to the entrepreneurial and innovative organizations.