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This study sought to determine the extent to which Nigerian publishers use the International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions (ISBD) in Nigerian published books. Publishers and documentary evidence were used for the study. Two hundred and fifty publishers and one thousand books were used as sample for the study. The instruments used for the study were a standardized checklist of the book and a questionnaire. One null hypothesis was formulated and tested. The data collected were analysed using percentages and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The study found out that use of ISBD significantly influences quality book publishing and affects the process of retrieving information easily. The study concluded that lack of essential ISBD elements by Nigerian publishers creates problems for cataloguers, documentalists, and library users, and has a significant relationship to the quality of book publishing.