Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln
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The violent crises between Fulani herdsmen and sedentary farmers in Nigeria do not constitute an alien phenomenon in Nigeria; it is a phenomenon that has been in existence for decades which have resulted in the extensive loss of lives and property. The constant crises have threatened the security of the State, reduced its economic productivity, and deepened food crisis in Nigeria. While there have been several clashes between the Fulani herdsmen and the farming communities for more than two decades, the escalation reached another level in 2014 with the Fulani herdsmen killing 1,229 people in comparison with 63 deaths in 2013. With more than 500 deaths by July 2016 and January 2018 more than 73 persons were given mass burial in Benue State alone. The crises have been commonly credited to Fulani herdsmen expanding from the traditional grazing routes into the agricultural land which in turn always results into crises over access to pasture. The escalation of the crisis has made many Nigerians and international observers including the United States to consider Fulani herdsmen as the second most dangerous group in Nigeria after Boko-Haram group. Therefore, there is a need for the critical assessment of the underlying factors responsible for the escalation of crises between the Fulani herdsmen and farmers to untangle the various important but crises narratives that have been used in explaining the reason behind the recent escalation of the crises. The paper seeks to explore ways of resolving crises through information dissemination by librarians. The paper finally recommended that government should adopt the modern way of cattle rearing which is ranching.
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