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This paper analysed Sickle cell anaemia literature on Nigeria listed in PubMed to understand the research performance of medical researchers on sickle cell anaemia literature on Nigeria. Data covering the period of 2006-2016 were collected from the PubMed, a citation database developed by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).The search strategy used was ((sickle cell anaemia) OR (sickle cell anemia)) AND Nigeria AND (("2006/01/01"[PDat] : "2016/12/31"[PDat])), bearing in mind variance in spelling (anaemia and anemia), which retrieved 326 sickle cell literature on Nigeria between 2006 and 2016. Article productivity increased between 2006 and 2010. However, there was a drastic drop in article publication between 2010 and 2011 as well as between 2013 and 2015. The degree of collaboration ranged between 0.85 and 1. University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria, had the highest number of contributing authors. Authors published more in journals located in Nigeria, with Nigeria Journal of Clinical Practice being the most prolific publication outlet for authors publishing sickle cell anaemia literature on Nigeria.