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This study investigated the digitization of academic library resources in University of Port Harcourt. Five research objectives guided the study. The research design adopted for this study was a descriptive survey. The total population for this study was thirteen (13) library staff involved in digital library practices. As a result of the concise population, there was no sampling. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire. A total of thirteen questionnaires were distributed and distribution recorded a 100% return rate. Data were analysed using descriptive statistical tools (frequency tables and mean scores). From the analysis, the findings revealed that the need for digitization of library resources are majorly to preserving endangered collections, increasing the visibility of institutional outputs, enhance timeless access to library information resources and promote interlibrary cooperation. The result shows that the digitization of library resources in Donald E. U. Ekong library is at a very high extent and the librarians involved in the digitization of library resources are competent and possesses the necessary skills required. Digitization of library resources is challenged by several factors such as power supply, security of databases, infrastructure to contain the digitization process, staff capacity to manage the process, users’ dependency in traditional library resources, etc. and that the strategies for enhancing digitization of library resources include the installation of alternative to power supply such as standby power generating set, solar power system, utility power systems, etc., installation of anti-virus, malware and hacks proof software, inclusion of digitization sections while planning for library buildings, library user education should include skills needed for use of digital libraries The study concluded that in order to remain relevant in the present digital environment, libraries especially in developing countries should make every effort to digitize their local content for preservation and easy access.