Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version


Document Type



Adekunmisi, S. R., Ajala, E. B., & Iyoro, A. O. 2013. Internet Access and Usage by Undergraduate Students : A Case Study of Olabisi Onabanjo. Library Philosophy and Practice (E-Journal), 1–10.

Anderson, K. J. 2001. Internet use among college students: an exploratory study. Journal of American College Health, 50(February): 21–6.

Ani, O. E. 2010. Internet access and use: A study of undergraduate students in three Nigerian universities. The Electronic Library, 28(4): 555–567.

Anunobi, C. V. 2006. Dynamics of internet usage: A case of students of the Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) Nigeria. Educational Research and Reviews, 6: 192–95.

Askoy, R. 2012. Internet Ortamında Pazarlama. Ankara: Seckin Yayınları.

Bashir, S., Mahmood, K., & Shafique, F. 2008. Internet Use Among University Students : A Survey in University of the Punjab , Lahore. Pakistan Journal of Library & Information Science, 2008(9): 49–65.

Bavakutty, M., & Salih, M. T. . 1999. Internet services in Calicut University. 6th National Convention on Academic Libraries in the Internet Era., 37–44. Ahemdabad, India.

Bidin, Z., Shamsudin, F. M., Asraf, M. H. M. F., & Sharif, Z. 2011. Factors Influencing Students’ Intention to Use Internet for Academic Purposes. SSRN Electronic Journal, 0–28.

Blumler, J. G., & Katz, E. 1974. The Uses of Mass Communications: Current Perspectives on Gratifications Research. Sage Annual Reviews of Communication Research, 3.

Case, D. O. 2002. Looking for information: a survey of research on information seeking needs, and behaviour. Amsterdam: Academic Press.

Cravener, P. 1999. Piloting the psychosocial model of faculty development. The Technology Source, 7.

Deniz, M. H., & Geyik, S. K. 2015. An Empirical Research on General Internet Usage Patterns of Undergraduate Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195: 895–904.

Hanauer, D., Dibble, E., Fortin, J., & Col, N. F. 2004. Internet use among community college students: implications in designing healthcare interventions. Journal of American College Health, 52(197–202).

Hu, M. 2008. Social use of the internet and loneliness. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 68(7–A): 2709.

Jones, S. 2002. The Internet goes to college. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Washington, DC.

Jones, S., Johnson-yale, C., Millermaier, S., & Seoane, F. 2008. Internet and Higher Education Academic work , the Internet and U . S . college students. The Internet and Higher Education, 11(3–4): 165–177.

Jones, S., & Madden, M. 2002. The Internet goes to college: How students are living in the future with today’s technology., vol. 71. Washington, DC.

Katz, E., Blumler, J., & Gurevitch, M. 1973. Uses and gratifications research. American Association for Public Opinion Research, 37(4): 509–523.

Katz, E., Haas, H., & Gurevitch, M. 1973. On the Use of the Mass Media for Important Things. American Sociological Review, 38(2): 164–181.

Larose, R. 2011. Uses and gratifications of the Internet addiction. In K. Youing & C. N. de Abreu (Eds.), Internet Addiction: A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment: 55–72. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.

LaRose, R., & Eastin, M. S. 2004. A Social Cognitive Theory of Internet Uses and Gratifications : Toward a New Model of Media Attendance A Social Cognitive Theory of Internet Uses and Gratifications : Toward a New Model of Media Attendance. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 48(3): 358–377.

Newcomer, E. 2014, July 25. With, Facebook Looks to Do Well While Doing Good. The Information.

Nwagwu, E. W., Adekannbi, J., & Bello, O. 2009. Factors influencing use of the internet: a questionnaire survey of the students of University of Ibadan, Nigeria. The Electronic Library, 27(4): 718–34.

Odell, P. M., Korgen, K. O., Schumacher, P., & Delucchi, M. 2000. Internet Use Among Female and Male College Students. CYBERPSYCHOLOGY & BEHAVIOR, 3(5): 855–862.

Ojedokun, A. A., & Owolabi, E. O. 2003. Internet access competence and the use of the Internet for teaching and research activities by University of Botswana academic staff. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 13(1): 43–53.

Otunla, A. O. 2013. Internet Access and Use among Undergraduate Students of Bowen University Iwo , Osun State , Nigeria. Library Philosophy and Practice (E-Journal.

Ozkisi, H., & Topaloglu, M. 2015. The university students’ knowledge of Internet applications and usage habits. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 182: 584–589.

Papacharissi, Z. 2009. Uses and gratifications. In D. W. Stacks & M. B. Salwen (Eds.), An Integrated Approach to Communication Theory and Research (2nd ed.): 137–152. New York: Routledge.

Parameshwar, S., & Patil, D. B. 2009. Use of electronic resources by faculty members and research scholars in Gulbarga University, Gulbarga: a survey. Journal of Information Management, 46(10): 51–60.

Pew Research Center. 2016. Smartphone Ownership and Internet Usage Continues to Climb in Emerging Economies. Pew Research Center.

Prensky, M. 2001. Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. On the Horizon, 9(5): 1–6.

Ruggiero, T. E. 2000. Uses and Gratifications Theory in the 21st Century. Mass Communication and Society, 3(1): 37–41.

Ruzgar, N. S. 2005. A Research on the Purpose of Internet Usage and Learning via Internet. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 4(4).

Sipal, R. F., Karakaya, Y., & Hergul, N. 2011. Social and I am online : What adolescents think about internet and internet use, 0: 2420–2426.

Stork, C., Calandro, E., & Gillwald, A. 2013. Internet going mobile: internet access and use in 11 African countries. Info, 15(5): 34–51.

Waithaka, M. W. 2013. Internet use among University Students in Kenya: A Case Study of the University of Nairobi. University of South Africa.

West, D. M. 2012. Digital Schools: How Technology Can Transform Education. Brookings Institution Press.

Wood, J. 2015. College Students In Study Spend 8 to 10 Hours Daily on Cell Phone. Psych Central.


The pattern of Internet use and the rate at which undergraduate students use the Internet should be greatly influenced by the primary purpose for which it has been provided (academic). The use pattern and use rate of the Internet for this purpose also has much to do with its adoption as a medium of meeting information needs over other media. The uses and gratifications theory on which this research is anchored, suggests that media use serves functions by some specific content or by the medium in question. It sees the audience as active seekers of media in a goal-oriented way that provides them with the means of gratifying a variety of needs and that media users are aware of their needs. 390 respondents were surveyed at the Nelson Mandela and Fort Hare Universities using quantitative and qualitative methods. With findings from the study indicating a 72.3%, attesting to making use of the Internet daily for an average of six hours, entertainment, communication and social networking purposes were the main activities undergraduate students spent the time on. The use of the Internet for academic purpose ranked last. From the findings of the study, the goal of undergraduate students when using the Internet, as assumed by UGT, is not to fulfil the cognitive need type. The use of the Internet is mainly driven by the desire to meet the social interaction need type (communication and social networking), which is not the primary reason which Institution provides free campus-wide Internet access.